Cycling towards the SDGs
- Goal 3: Good Health and well being Regular physical activity prevents heart diseases and other health risks related to a sedentary lifestyle, such as depression and obesity. In addition, by replacing individual motorized transport with cycling, air quality and street safety improve considerably.
- Goal 5: Gender Equality Safe infrastructure for cycling supports gender equality as it provides access for women and girls to water, schools, markets and jobs that otherwise they wouldn’t have access to. During the sufragette movement, for example, the bicycle became not only a tool, but also a symbol for women’s emancipation .
- Goal 13: Climate ActionThe bicycle is a central element in the process to decarbonize mobility and societies, offering the possibility of an immediate impact climate action. Governments at all levels can take political, strategic and educational measures to promote cycling.
Image source: World Cycling Alliance
Something curious most people don’t know is that in the 1960’s the use of bikes was decreasing year after year in the Netherlands and the car was the dominant travel mode, just like it is in most big cities nowadays. So how, in just a few decades, did the Netherlands become a “country of bikes” and a world reference in the subject?
Well, it’s like that famous quote from Margareth Meade: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.”
In the 1970’s the number of people, especially children, killed in traffic accidents escalated in the country. As a reaction, several activists and civil disobedience groups took action, organizing demonstrations and spreading ideas for safer urban planning. This 9 minute documentary from the 1970’s shows this process.
Image source: The Guardian
Gradually, people’s behavior and urban planning policies were changing and the bicycle importance was reinstated in the country, where currently 25% of all trips are made by bicycle (compared to 2% in the UK, for example). The emblematic Dutch case might illuminate the idea that the transition for a healthier, safer and more sustainable urban mobility is possible and beneficial for all. Knowing this story might also be good tool against the skepticism that usually surrounds this debate.
Recent studies in many fields reassure that cycling is good for the economy, for the environment, for cities, for people’s health and happiness. This is why the bicycle, a 200 years old low cost technology, is regaining popularity over the world as the means of transport of the future.
What happened in the Netherlands is indeed special, but not that much that it can’t be done anywhere else 🙂
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